arcadia and utopia

“Three years after the end of World War II, the poet W.H. Auden wrote an essay called ‘Arcadia and Utopia” in which he proposed the two places as categories of belief. Arcadians believe that paradise was in the past; propose that we return to a simpler state, a lost state of grace, and distrust government, technology, progress, and anything that tends to uproot, to supplant the country with the city, the simple with the complex. Utopians reach for their shimmering vision of a perfectible future with all the authority and technology within their grasp… Perhaps the most perfect example of the two philosophies come into conflict today is in the confrontations between anti-nuclear activists and nuclear physicists.”
From Savage Dreams, by Rebecca Solnit.

Or, in the development debates.