Why Punjab’s power bills include a cow cess and water charges

late last year, during my early days in punjab, i was nonplussed to find the state is charging a cow cess on electricity. and then, i found the state also charges octroi on power. which nonplussed me some more. and then, i learnt the state is going to start porting its water and sewerage charges onto its power bills as well. which pretty much formatted my brain. the outcome is this story, which seeks to understand why unconnected charges are being added to power bills.

as expected, there is rationality — albeit a demented one — here.